What is narrow AI? How does it operate? How does it differ from true intelligence? In their book Rebooting AI, Gary Marcus and Ernest Davis explore the state of artificial intelligence. They explain how narrow AI works, its benefits, and its shortcomings. The authors explain the mechanics of neural networks and machine learning, highlighting their widespread applications and limitations. Keep reading to uncover the fascinating details behind today’s technology and its potential future.

## Why Political Predictions Shouldn’t Be Made From Polls

How useful are political polls if you’re trying to make election predictions? What else can be learned from them? Political polls collect information on how Americans are thinking about political issues and candidates. However, they should be taken with a grain of salt, as results aren’t always accurate. Here’s a look at the usefulness of polls when making political predictions.

## Why Math Is Important: 5 Ways Math Plays a Crucial Role in Life

Why is math important? How do statistics affect people’s beliefs? Math is everywhere around you, even if you don’t realize it. Numbers and statistics are essential for modern-day life to make predictions, solve simple problems, and answer complex science questions. Let’s look at why math is important in everyday life.

## Weapons of Math Destruction: Book Overview & Takeaways

What’s Weapons of Math Destruction about? How is math used to discriminate against people in poverty? In Weapons of Math Destruction, Cathy O’Neil explores the difference between benign mathematical models and dangerous ones. She also describes the negative effects that dangerous mathematical models produce. Read below for a brief Weapons of Math Destruction book overview.

## The Power of Math: Making Big Predictions and Decisions

How powerful is math? What’s the difference between benign math models and dangerous math models? In Weapons of Math Destruction, Cathy O’Neil notes that not all mathematical models are dangerous. When implemented responsibly, mathematical models can be powerful tools that enable organizations to make effective decisions that wouldn’t otherwise be possible. Below we’ll define mathematical models to show the power of math.

## The Definition of a Mathematical Model (Cathy O’Neil)

What’s the definition of mathematical models? Are math models biased toward a specific group of people? In Weapons of Math Destruction, data scientist Cathy O’Neil details the insidious ways mathematical models are being used to determine everything from interest rates to prison sentences. She contends that, while mathematical models can efficiently sort through vast amounts of information, they can produce dangerous results. Let’s take a look at O’Neil’s definition of a mathematical model.

## The 3 Challenges in Data Science When Using Dangerous Models

What are the main challenges in data science? How can mathematical models be dangerous? A mathematical model is a mathematical simulation of a real-world event. Three characteristics make them dangerous: they’re opaque, they don’t incorporate feedback, and they operate on a large scale. Keep reading to learn more about the challenges in data science and math models.

## The Dangerous Effects of Statistics Being Misused

What are the dangerous effects of statistics? How do statistics perpetuate social bias? Believe it or not, dangerous math models can have a grave impact on society. According to Cathy O’Neil, dangerous statistics disproportionately harm poor people, reproduce social bias, and make harmful self-fulfilling prophecies. Learn more about how statistics can negatively affect people and society when used incorrectly.

## Big Data Discrimination: Hurting the Poor in Favor of the Rich

What causes big data discrimination? How do dangerous math models hurt the poor? In Weapons of Math Destruction, Cathy O’Neil argues that dangerous math models disproportionately inflict harm on the poor. This is because they show favoritism towards rich people. Let’s dive deeper into big data’s discrimination problem.

## How to Improve Ethics in Mathematics: 3 Methods

How can you use mathematical models ethically? What are ways to regulate industry use of math models? Cathy O’Neil proposes strategies industries and governments can take to limit the harm caused by dangerous mathematical models. She recommends monitoring math models, regulating them, and setting more positive goals for math models. Keep reading to learn more about ethics in mathematics.