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Wondering how to financially prepare for a recession? How can you prepare if you’re living paycheck to paycheck?
For more than a year, economists have predicted that the U.S. will enter a recession. Many Americans, through no fault of their own, don’t have the financial means to take the steps that many financial experts recommend to navigate a recession.
Read on to learn how to financially prepare for a recession without an emergency savings fund.
The Recession Is Near—Isn’t It?
For more than a year, economists have predicted that the U.S. will enter a recession, leaving many Americans wondering how to financially prepare for a recession that may or may not happen. Some economists have offered a bleaker picture than others: Last September, Dr. Doom said that not only would the impending recession be “severe, long, and ugly,” it would decimate financial markets.
It’s 2023 and we’re still waiting as economists continue to vigorously bat around varying forecasts:
- A Bloomberg survey found that economists see a 70% chance of a recession in the year ahead.
- The Wells Fargo Investment Institute predicts the U.S. will enter a recession, recover, and rebound all by the end of the year.
- Goldman Sachs and JPMorgan Chase think the economy will take a small downward hit but emerge intact.
- A Wall Street Journal survey sees a brief and shallow recession before the end of the year.
One thing is clear: Nobody has a definitive answer, but pretty much everyone still thinks a recession is coming—and when sustained periods of economic downturn unfold, it helps to be as prepared as possible to deal with the fallout. In this article, we’ll explain how to financially prepare for a recession when you don’t have an emergency savings fund tucked away.
Looking Back to Look Ahead
Last October, Shortform provided an overview of recession concerns and financial advisors’ recommendations on ways you can prepare for it. But the truth is, not every American can recession-proof their life in these ways due to reasons beyond their control.
Many Americans live paycheck to paycheck in low-wage jobs so are simply unable to financially prepare for a recession by contributing to an emergency savings fund or paying down credit cards—which many increasingly rely on to pay for groceries, childcare, utilities, auto repairs, and medical bills. In fact, a January 2022 Bankrate survey found that 78% of households earning under $30,000 a year wouldn’t be able to cover an unexpected $1,000 expense with savings, nor would 38% of households with an annual income of $75,000.
Financially Preparing for a Recession
Experts say that even if you don’t have the ability to sock money away in an emergency savings fund, you can still financially prepare for a recession by taking small, concrete steps:
- First, narrow your focus from macro to micro. Focusing on your specific situation rather than the barrage of media reports forecasting the big picture “odds” of the economy spiraling into oblivion—and taking everyone with it—will give you a greater sense of control.
- Second, as you financially prepare for a recession, you can also mentally prepare yourself for the possibility and consequences of being laid off if you think your job is at risk. Consider exploring your eligibility for unemployment insurance, putting together a plan for finding another job, and seeing if your community has low-cost resources that can help you develop new employment skills. Thinking and planning ahead during stressful periods will further increase your sense of control.
- Third, figure out what your financial stress points are and make a plan to remediate them. Writing down specific ways you can reduce and manage your expenses more efficiently, when possible, can further reduce your stress. For example, if you’re having difficulty paying your bills or paying off debt, you call your bank, utilities, and credit card companies to see if they can work with you on a plan to ease your payment schedules.
- Finally, be aware of the impact of financial stress on your health, mental health, and relationships. People cope with economic (and other) hardship in different ways, including turning to alcohol and drug use and emotional eating, which in excess can worsen already stressful situations. Be attuned to behavior and thinking that make it more difficult for you to operate at your best and channel your energy into actions that offer greater balance, like taking regular walks and cooking dinner with family or friends.
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