What Happened to Votizen? (Lean Startup)

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Votizen was a civil participation startup based around politics. It’s a key example in Lean Startup. But what happened to Votizen the company? Learn more about the lessons learned from Votizen’s near-failure and how it improved its way to success.

Pivoting in a Startup

One of the hardest challenges you’ll face is deciding whether to continue in your current direction (persevere) or to change your fundamental hypothesis about your business (pivot).

The answer is often unclear because you will seldom encounter complete, abject failure. The more insidious state is when you’re barely limping along, not plummeting to the earth but also feeling like you’re not really making progress.

There are two signs of the need to pivot:

  • Your metrics are not good enough to meet your goals for your startup.
  • Your experiments are leading to less and less progress (which is a sign that you’re out of good ideas)

Pivoting at Votizen

Lean Startup gives the example of Votizen, a company founded to boost participation in politics. Their first product was a social network where voters could unite around causes and mobilize action. They formed hypotheses around 4 metrics: signing up (registration), verifying voters (activation), sticking around and using Votizen (retention), and recruiting friends to join (referral).

Votizen built a MVP in 3 months and got their baseline metrics. Then they spent 2 more months and $5,000 to get a second set of metrics. Then they spent another 8 months and $20,000 to get a third set of metrics. Let’s take a look:



MVP(3 months, $1,200)

Optimization 1(2 months, $5,000)

Optimization 2(8 months, $20,000)
Registration5%17%17%
Activation17%90%90%
RetentionToo low to measure5%8%
ReferralToo low to measure4%6%

Starting with just the MVP, Votizen was at a good starting point, and without a chance to improve the metrics, it was too early to pivot. The first round of optimization led to major improvements in every single metric. But the second period of optimization, costing much more time and money, led to barely a bump in metrics.

This is a sign to pivot – they had taken the current idea as far as they could go.

From user interviews, Votizen got another idea – pivot to a way to let voters contact their elected representatives easily. Users could write an email or tweet, and Votizen would print a paper letter and send it to their Congressional representative or Senator. Even better, they could charge for this service and start funding the company through revenue.

They called this @2gov, and spent another 4 months and $30,000 to build the prototype. Here were the metrics:



MVP(3 months, $1,200)

Optimization 1(2 months, $5,000)

Optimization 2(8 months, $20,000)

@2Gov Pivot MVP(4 months, $30,000)
Registration5%17%17%42%
Activation17%90%90%83%
RetentionToo low to measure5%8%21%
ReferralToo low to measure4%6%54%
PaymentN/AN/AN/A1%

Fantastic! Even though their new product was just an MVP, they still showed huge improvements over the most optimized version of their last product. They still had a lot of room to go to become a sustainable business, but they knew they were now on a better track.

What Happened to Votizen? (Lean Startup)

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Allen Cheng

Allen Cheng is the founder of Shortform. He has a passion for non-fiction books (having read 200+ and counting) and is on a mission to make the world's best ideas more accessible to everyone. He reads broadly, covering a wide range of subjects including finance, management, health, and society. Allen graduated from Harvard University summa cum laude and attended medical training at the MD/PhD program at Harvard and MIT. Before Shortform, he co-founded PrepScholar, an online education company.

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